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Gianfranco Selgas De SilviDoktorand

Om mig

Från och med den 1 september 2022 kommer jag att börja arbeta vid University College London som British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow.

Jag är gäst forskare vid Nordiska institutet för latinamerikanska studier (NILAS). Jag har en PhD i Romanska språk med inriktning mot spanska (latinamerikanska litteratur- och kulturstudier) vid Stockholms universitet (mars 2022) med avhandlingen Assembled Regionalism: Environment, Modernity, and Political-Cultural Reaction in Latin America (1930-1940). Min nuvarande forskning är inriktad på miljö- och energi humaniora, kulturstudier och förhållandet mellan kultur och politik i Latinamerika och Karibien. Jag är intresserad av den mediala och politiska ekologin kring naturutvinning och energikonsumtion i Latinamerika och Karibien. Mina forskningsintressen sträcker sig från latinamerikansk och karibisk kulturproduktion och politik under det sena 1800-, 1900- och 2000-talet som engagerar sig i naturutvinning till studier om kritisk teori och materiell kultur med ett världsekologiskt perspektiv.

Forskning

 

 

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas

  • Regionalismo ensamblado

    2022. Gianfranco Selgas.

    Avhandling (Dok)

    This dissertation reframes Latin American literary regionalism as the configuration of an alternative political-cultural reaction in the 1930s-1940s. It argues that such an approach questions the precepts of Eurocentric modernity, going beyond the nuanced conceptualization of the environment as a nature-culture dichotomy. Although this dichotomy has been critically associated with literary regionalism as an autochthonous, exotic, and transcultural genre, the study analyzes the use of language’s rhetorical and discursive constructions as a starting point to conceptualize and theorize socio-ecological relations, world-ecology, and the projection of regionalist literature on history, the economy, and biology. This stance highlights discursive assemblages between human, mineral, and vegetal forms in fictional and non-fictional texts to propose the dissolution of dichotomic parameters entrenched in critical approaches to regionalism. Moreover, this reading understands that literature reflects on cultural, historical, and political processes and forms a part of them.

    Departing from a Latin Americanist ecocritical, new materialist, and posthuman theoretical and methodological approach, the dissertation analyzes discursive, socio-ecological assemblages configured by a selection of understudied novels, essays, press articles, and scientific texts published between 1930-1940 by Venezuelan Enrique Bernardo Núñez, Costa Rican Carmen Lyra, and Colombian César Uribe Piedrahita. After the introductory chapter and theoretical discussion, the analysis chapters emphasize the configuration of the discursive assemblages articulated in the works of these three authors. Chapter 2 examines the novel Cubagua (1931) and the essay Una ojeada al mapa de Venezuela (1939), by Núñez. It focuses on the discursive assemblages between human beings, extracted raw materials such as oil, pearls, and gold, and plant organisms in Venezuela. The chapter analyzes the symbiotic and vibrant relationship between materialities based on what I define as ‘trance extractivo.’ Chapter 3 analyzes the chronicle Bananos y hombres (1931) and the pamphlet El grano de oro y el peón (1933), by Lyra. The analysis shows how language assembles the literary representation of laborers, bananas, and coffee grains. I define this assemblage in Costa Rican monoculture plantations as ‘extractivismo vascularizado.’ Chapter 4 explores the novel Toá: narraciones de caucherías (1933) and the medical paper Esquema para un estudio de la patología indígena en Colombia (1940), by Uribe Piedrahita. The chapter shows how these works fluctuate between literary and hygienic discourses to become the historical, aesthetic, and political articulation of latex extraction in Colombia. Observing a discursive shift from a western-medical discourse to a speculative one, I define the discursive assemblage as ‘semiosis de la extracción.’

    The dissertation concludes that the selected materials are representative of another configuration of literary regionalism, a scriptural mode I term Assembled Regionalism. This is understood as the discursive configuration of socio-ecological assemblages between writing and different extractive practices on Latin American soil, contesting the nature-culture divide. The study reframes regionalism by incorporating Núñez, Lyra, and Uribe Piedrahita’s political-cultural reactions related to the tensions between modernization and the environment in the 1930s-1940s.

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  • Regionalismo orgánico

    2021. Gianfranco Selgas. Orbis Tertius 26 (33)

    Artikel

    En este ensayo, propongo leer la configuraciónde lo que describo como ‘regionalismo orgánico’ en la novela Catálogo de formas (2014), del escritor argentino-mexicano Nicolás Cabral. Desarrollo la noción de ‘regionalismo orgánico’ tomando como punto de partida los ensayos sobre arquitectura organicista del pintor y arquitecto mexicano Juan O’Gorman(1905-1982). Argumento que a través de sus ensayos y su práctica artístico-arquitectónica, O’Gorman propuso una visión simbiótica entre naturaleza y cultura, crítica de los preceptos euromodernos y capitalistas que son recuperados tanto temática como formalmente en la novela de Cabral. A diferencia delos estudios que leen Catálogo de formas como una obra metatextual con la de O’Gorman, señalo que, leída como expresión del ‘regionalismo orgánico’, la novela tematiza y formaliza las relaciones orgánicas entre humanidad y naturaleza con los efectos de las prácticas extractivistas como fondo espaciotemporal.

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  • Testimonios del oro negro

    2020. Gianfranco Selgas. Bulletin of Hispanic studies 97 (9), 1003-1020

    Artikel

    The characterization of Venezuela as a petrostate has been instrumental in its historical configuration as a nation unable to achieve modernity. The span of Venezuela’s intrinsic relationship with oil has had an impact on the country’s economic and political spectrum and has also resulted in a set of effects and affects relating to the social history of Venezuela. This article analyses how the documentaries Pozo muerto (Rebolledo, 1968) and Mayami nuestro (Oteyza, 1981) represent oil as amnemonic instrument that chronicles Venezuela’s socio-economic ruin. To achieve this, the notion of memory is addressed as a plastic temporal operation, paying special attention to the subject–object articulation in both films. Produced during the 1960s and 1980s, these films record the socio-economic and political crossroads of a country for which oil has been the tool used to trace the mnemonic geography of its predictable debacle.

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