Contact information

Bild på forskaren Ludvig Norman.

Ludvig Norman is Associate Professor (docent) of Political Science at Stockholm University and Senior Fellow at the UC Berkeley Institute of European Studies where he was also Visiting Scholar 2016-2017 . He earned his PhD at Uppsala University, held a post-doc position at the Swedish Institute of International Affairs, and has previously been Visiting Researcher at the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) in Brussels.

His research interests include European politics, democratic responses to populism and extremism.  Furthermore, Norman has studied the institutions of the European Union and EU democracy. Norman also has a keen interest in social science methodology, and in particular qualitative and mixed-methods approaches to social scientific research.

Norman is the principal investigator in a newly initiated project funded by the Swedish Research Council called Dilemmas of Democratic Self Defense in European Public Broadcasting. Together with researchers from Stockholm University, Mid-Sweden University and Lund the project aims to analyse how public broadcasting organizations across Europe have responded to the rise and increasing influence of populism and more extreme political forces and the democratic dilemmas they face in doing so.

Norman has previously considered the political reactions to anti-system actors such as populists and extremists at the European level, with a specific focus on the European Parliament. This has included studies of how populism as a political phenomenon is framed by the political mainstream at the European level and how attempts to push back these actors have reshaped efforts to bring the EU in a more democratic direction. Peer-reviewed publications from this project has so far appeared in Political Studies and European Journal of Social Theory and in the Journal of Common Market Studies.

Norman’s research on the institutional aspects of the European Union has focused on policy areas such as the EUs foreign and security policies and European judicial cooperation. He is the author of the book The Mechanisms of Institutional Conflict in the European Union (Routledge, 2017). Other work on these and related issues have appeared in the European Journal of International RelationsJournal of European Public Policy, and Cooperation and Conflict.

He is currently convener of both the BA and MA course in qualitative research methods and teaches a PhD seminar on case studies and process tracing. He also teaches courses in populism and democratic politics and is thesis advisor at the BA, MA and PhD level.



2016 The Mechanisms of Institutional Conflict in the European Union (Routledge).


2021 Is the Governance of Europe's Transnational Party System Contributing to EU Democracy? Journal of Common Market Studies (with Wouter Wolfs) published as Early view

2021 Rethinking Causal Explanation in Interpretive International Studies, European Journal of International Relations, 27(3): 936-959.

2021 To democratize or to protect? How the response to anti-system parties reshapes the EU’s transnational party system, Journal of Common Market Studies, 59(3): 721-737.

2018 Three Models of Democratic Self-Defence: Militant Democracy and its Alternatives Political Studies, 66(2): 442-458 (w. Anthoula Malkopoulou).

2018 Theorizing the Social Foundations of Exceptional Security Politics: Rights, Emotions and Community, Cooperation and Conflict, 53(1): 84-100.

2017 Defending the European Polity: Visions of Politics in Response to the Radical Right, European Journal of Social Theory, 20(4): 531-549.

2017 Path dependency and convergence of three worlds of welfare policy during the Great Recession: UK, Germany and Sweden, Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy, 33(1): 1-17 (w. Kiess, J. Temple, L. and Uba, K.).

2016 Conceptualizing European security cooperation: Competing international political orders and domestic factors, European Journal of International Relations, 22(4): 749-772 (w. Anna Michalski).

2015 When Norms and Rules Collide: The Social Production of Institutional Conflict in the European Union’ Journal of European Public Policy, 22(5): 630-649.

2011 Political Utilization of Scholarly Ideas: The “Clash of Civilizations” vs. “Soft Power” in US Foreign Policy, Review of International Studies, 37 (1), pp. 417-436. (w. Johan Eriksson).

Chapters in books

2019 ‘European Governance of Development and Security’ chapter in Bevir, Mark and Phillips, Ryan (eds.) Decentering European Governance, Routledge. 

2019 (reprint) ‘Three Models of Democratic Self-Defence: Militant Democracy and its Alternatives’ (w. Anthoula Malkopoulou) in Kirchner, A. and Malkopoulou, A. (eds.) Militant Democracy and Its Critics: Populism, Parties, Extremism. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press (Originally published in Political Studies, 66(2): 442-458.

2015 ‘Austerity measures across Europe’ in Foster, L., Brunton, A. Deeming, C. and Haux, D. (eds.) In Defence of Welfare II, Bristol: Policy Press, pp. 55-58. (w. Katrin Uba and Luke A. Temple).

Non-peer reviewed

2019 ‘EU, populismen och Europavalet’ (EU, Populism and the European Elections) Världspolitikens dagsfrågor, Utrikespolitiska Institutet (Swedish Institute of International Affairs).

2015 Interpretive Process Tracing and Causal Explanations, Newsletter of the APSA Organized Section for Qualitative and Multi-Methods Research, 13(2): 4-9).

2014 ‘Integrated Report on Policy Responses to Crisis’ LIVEWHAT-project, (grant agreement n° 613237).