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Current research project

Real Estate Sector and Rural Migration: A Case study of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, lndia

The Indian construction industry has for the last decade witnessed a substantial growth, estimated to attract yearly FDIs of 180 billion USD by 2020, contributing with almost 10 per cent of the country’s GDP. The vast majority of these investments is in the real estate sector that is currently one of the country’s largest seasonal employment providers with more than thirty million casual workers, including five million short duration out-migrants. Uttar Pradesh is currently the largest exporter of migrant workers amongst the Indian states and union territories, but also attracts large numbers of workers from neighboring states, primarily attracted by the ongoing boom of the construction industry. The growth of the sector opens up new avenues for the development, both for the individual workers as well as for society at large. If properly tapped, the resources generated by this industry could lead to further social and economic development, but if not properly controlled, it would result only in short term profits and possible exploitation for the workers. It also challenge the Indian state at both central and local level. In order to turn this boom into real development the rights of the individual workers need to be guaranteed, as well as their access to services such as education and health care, in order to care for their basic needs, but also to enhance their capabilities to further contribute to the development of the Indian economy.

The project examines the consequences of this recent wave of internal migration: What is the situation for the migrants? How has the state been able to respond to their needs? In view of the many existing programs designed for migrant workers we also pose the question of the efficiency of these programs: is there room for improvements of the government programs, and what measures could be taken to increase their efficiency?

For this project, 176 workers at six different building sites in the Lucknow area was interviewed 2016-17. The project is carried out as a collaboration between Stockholm University and Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (BBAU), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.




2004, Hindu Nationalism and Democracy, (Shipra Publications: New Delhi).

2003, Gender, Religion and Democracy (red.) with Kopola, Nelli, (PODSU: Stockholm)

2000, Dissertation: Hindu Nationalism and Democracy: A Study of the Political Theory and Practice of the Bharatiya Janata Party, Stockholm University.

Peer-Reviewed Articles

2017, ”Civil society and political protest in India: The case of Coca-Cola in Kerala”, India Review, Vol. 16, nr 3, 324-343. ISSN 1473-6489, E-ISSN 1557-3036

2015, “Media and Nationalism in India: Reflections on the Narendra Modi Government”, Asian Politics and policy, Vol 7, Issue 3.

2015, “The Popular Struggle against Coca-Cola in Plachimada, Kerala”,
Journal of Developing Societies, 31,  June 2015, (with Sofia Helander).

2015, “Corporate Social Responsibility through Cross-sector Partnerships: Implications for Civil Society, the State, and the Corporate Sector in India” Business and Society Review, Volume 120, Issue 2, (with Hede Skagerlind, H. and Westman, M).

2011, "Hindu Nationalism and Gender: A Challenge to the Indian Women's Movement", International Feminist Journal of Politics, Volume 13, Number 13.1, March 2011.

2009, ”Including Women: Strategies of Mobilization within the Hindu nationalist movement”, India Review, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2009.

2009, “Gender Relations and Democracy: The Conflict between Hindu Nationalist and Secular Forces in Indian Civil Society”, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Volume 15, Issue 2 April 2009.

Book chapters

2017, “Protest and Participation: The Popular Struggle against Coca-Cola at Plachimada (Kerala)” in India's Tryst with Democracy: Changing Contours of Politics, Economy and Society / [ed] Shashikant Pandey, New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company.

2012, “Gender, Religion and Transition: The Struggle Against the Hindu nationalist Redefinition of Womanhood”, in Comparisons, Quotas and Critical Change, Lenita Freidenvall and Michele Micheletti, (Department of Political Science (ed.), Stockholm University: Stockholm).

2011, "Introduction" in Power to the People? (Con-)Tested Civil Society in Search of Democracy, Heidi Moksnes and Mia Melin (ed.), (Uppsla Centre for Sustainable Development, Uppsala).

2011, “The Global constitution of religious nationalism: Hindutva and globalization”, in Religion, Politics and Globalization, Galina Lindquist and Don Handelman (red.), (Berghahn Books: New York and Oxford).

2010, “Hindu Political Thought” in The Encyclopedia of Political Science, (CQ Press/SAGE Publications: Washington D.C.

2005, ”Hindu Nationalism and the Quest for a Uniform Civil Code” i The Politics of group Rights – The State and Multiculturalism, Ishtiaq Ahmed (ed.), (University Press of America: Lanham).

2004, ”Civil Society and Democracy” i, Democracy, Labour and Politics in Africa and Asia: Essays in honour of Bjorn Beckman, Gavin Williams (ed.), (Centre for Research and Documentation: Kano, Nigeria).

2003, "The Shah Bano Case - Cultural Nationalism and Communitarianism in Indian Politics" i Gender, Religion and Democracy, Berglund, Henrik och Kopola, Nelli (red.), 2003, (PODSU:Stockholm).

1995, "Den liberala demokratins sammansättning", i Lindensjö, Bo, Liberalism och relativism - liberalismen och dess kritiker, (Lund: Studentlitteratur).

Other articles

2010, ”Globalization the Indian Way: the popular struggle against Coca-Cola”, IKON Occasional Paper Series, 1/2010, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

2009, ”Civil Society in India: democratic space or extension of elite domination?”, Working Papers, 2009:1, Department of Political Science, Stockholm University.

2004, "Religion and Nationalism - Politics of the BJP", March 6, Economic and Political Weekly.

2003, "Hindunationalistisk extremism inom indisk politik", Orientaliska studier, nr. 111.

1997, "Hindunationalismen: En analys av Bharatiya Janata Party", Internationella Studier, nr. 2.