E-mail: billumian@gmail.com


I was born in Lahore, Pakistan, on 24 February 1947. I received my doctorate from the University of Stockholm in 1986, where I taught in the Department of Political Science during 1987-2007. Thereafter, I was a research professor at the Institute of South Asian Studies (ISAS), National University of Singapore during 2007-2010.  I have been a visiting professor at the  Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) during 2013-2015. During 2015 - 2019, I was a visiting professor at the  Department of Political Science, Government College University, Lahore.

I continue to publish.  My research interests cover  diverse fields  such as Political Islam, Ethnicity and Nationalism, Human, and Minority and Group Rights, South Asian Politics, and the Partition of India and Punjab. I also write a weekly column in The Friday Times, Lahore, Pakistan.

Editorial engagements in peer reviewed journals:

1. Editor-in-Chief of the Liberal Arts & Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ)
2. Member editorial advisory board, Asian Ethnicity
3. Member editorial editorial board, Journal of Punjab Studies
4. Member editorial advisory board, IPRI Journal, Islamabad
5. Member editorial advisory board, PIPS Research Journal of Conflict and Peace Studies, Islamabad

Publications: Books

2022, Pre-Partition Punjab's Contribution to Indian Cinema, New Delhi: Aakar Books. 

2021, Jinnah: His Successes, Failures and Role in History, Lahore: Vanguard Books.

2020, Jinnah: His Successes, Failures and Role in History, New Delhi: Penguin Viking, India.

2020, Lahu-Luhana Vandia Vaddia-Tukkia Punjaba, Patiala: Autumn Art.

2020, Pakistan: The Garrison State, Origins, Evolution, Consequences (1947–2011), Karachi: Oxford University Press.

2018, Reflections of a Concerned Global Citizen, Lahore: Fiction House.

2016, Pakistan Askari Riyasat: Ibteda, Irteqa, Nataaij (1947-2011), Lahore: Mashal Books.

2015, Punjab ka Batwara: Aik Almiya Hazaar Dastaaney, (translation of the book on the Punjab partition with three new stories added), Karachi: Paramount Books.

2014, The Punjab Bloodied, Partitioned and Cleansed: Unravelling the 1947 Tragedy through Secret British Reports and First-Person Account,(paperback), Karachi: Oxford University Press.

2013, Pakistan: The Garrison State, Origins, Evolution, Consequences (1947–2011), Karachi: Oxford University Press.

2013, The Pakistan Military in Politics: Origins, Evolution, Consequences (1947–2011), New Delhi: Amaryllis.

2012, The Punjab Bloodied, Partitioned and Cleansed: Unravelling the 1947 Tragedy through Secret British Reports and First-Person Account, Karachi: Oxford University Press.

2011, The Punjab Bloodied, Partitioned and Cleansed: Unravelling the 1947 Tragedy through Secret British Reports and First Person Accounts, New Delhi: Rupa Publications.

2011, The Politics of Religion in South and Southeast Asia (ed.), London: Routledge.

2005, The Politics of Group Rights. The State and Multiculturalism (ed.), Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.

1996, State, Nation, and Ethnicity in Contemporary South Asia, London and New York: Pinter Publishers. Hardback. In 1998 a paper back edition was published. It included a new section: 'A South Asian Charter of Human Rights'.

1987, The Concept of an Islamic State: An Analysis of the Ideological Controversy in Pakistan (a revised version of the doctoral dissertation from 1985), Frances Pinter (Publishers), London and St. Martin's Press, New York, April 1987. It was reprinted in 1991 under the title The Concept of an Islamic State in Pakistan: An Analysis of Ideological Controversies, Lahore: Vanguard Publishers.

Publications: Articles in peer-reviewed journals and book chapters

2020, 'Pakistan 1947-2020: seventy-three years of convoluted state- and nation-building', The Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, Volume 109, 2020 - Issue 6.

2019, 'Punjab, Punjabis and Punjabiyat: A Convoluted Relationship', Pakistan Monthly Review, Lahore, July 2019.

2015, 'The May 1998 Nuclear Explosions in South Asia and the Peace Movement by the Diaspora: The Role of Intellectuals', in Md Minazur Rahman and Zaara Zain Hussain (eds.), South Asian Migration: Remittances and Beyond, New Castle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

2015, 'Islam and Human Rights in Pakistan', Luke M. Herrington, Alastair Mckay and Jeffrey Haynes (eds.), Nations under God: The Geopolitics of Faith in the Twenty-First Century, Bristol (UK): E-International Relations Publishing.

2014, 'An Argument in Favour of Modern Rights in the Muslim World', in New Horizons, Greenwich University, Karachi, Vol. 8, Number 2, July 2014.

2014, 'Multiculturalism in Sweden: Riots Spark Debate About Identity and Policy', in Georgetown Journal of International Relations, Volume XV, Number 1, Winter/Spring 2014.

2013, 'Muslim Immigrants in Europe: The Changing Realities', in India Quarterly, 69(3), 2013.

2012, 34 entries in the Oxford Companion to Pakistani History edited by Ayesha Jalal, Karachi: Oxford University Press.

2012, 'The India-Pakistan Imbroglio', FPRC Journal, Focus: India and South Asia, J-9-2012 (i), New Delhi: Foreign Policy Research Centre.

2012, 'The Lahore Film Industry: A Historical Sketch' in Anjali Gera Roy and Chua Beng Huat (eds.), Travels of Bollywood Cinema: From Bombay to LA, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

2011, ‘The Politics of Culture in an Ideological State’, Sohbet: Journal of Contemporary Arts and Culture, Issue No. Two, Lahore: Joint publication of The National College of Arts and Oneninetwo.

2010, 'The Rise and Fall of the Left and the Maoist Movements in Pakistan', India Quarterly, 66/3, September 2010.

2010,‘The Pakistan Islamic State Project: A Secular Critique’ in Michael Heng Siam-Heng and Ten Chin Liew (eds), State and Secularism: Perspectives from Asia, Singapore: World Scientific Publishers Co. Pte. Ltd.

2009, 'Politicized Religion in Illiberal South Asian Contexts: The Cases of India and Pakistan' in South Asian Review, Volume 30, Number 1, September/October 2009.

2009, ‘Radicalization and De-Radicalization in Singapore and Pakistan: A Comparison’ in A PIPS Research Journal Conflict and Peace Studies, Volume 2, Jul–Sep 2009, Number 3, Islamabad: Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS).

2009, ‘The Spectre of Islamic Fundamentalism over Pakistan (1947–2007)' in Rajshree Jetly (ed.), Pakistan in Regional and Global Politics, London, New York, New Delhi: Routledge.

2008, ‘European and Indian Nation-building: The Position of Religious Communities in India’ in Jayanta Kumar Ray and Arpita Basu Roy (eds.), The Roles of Religious Communities in India, Stockholm: Institute of Development Policy and Kolkata: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute.

2008, ‘Religious Minorities in the European Union and Pakistan: Historical Comparisons’ in Pervaiz Iqbal Cheema, Maqsudul Hasan Nuri, Brig (retd) Muneer Mahmud and Khalid Hussain (eds.), The Political Role of Religious Communities in Pakistan, Islamabad: Islamabad Policy and Research Institute.

2008, ‘Pakistan’s National Identity’ in International Review of Modern Sociology, Volume 34, No. 1. Spring 2008.

2007, Group Representation in a Democracy’, in Utsikt mot utveckling 29, Equal Representation. A Challenge to Democracy and Democracy Promotion, pp. 73–90. Collegium for Development Studies, Uppsala University.

2007, ‘The Cultural and Political heritage of Sri Lanka’, in Utsikt mot utveckling 29, Equal Representation. A Challenge to Democracy and Democracy Promotion, pp. 119–130. Collegium for Development Studies, Uppsala University 2007.

2006, "The Lahore Effect", in Seminar, No 567, November 2006, Delhi, India, pp. 29–37.

2006, "Globalisering och fredsrörelsen i diasporan: Provsprängningarna av kärnvapen i Sydasien 1998" in Maria Borgström and Katrin Goldstein-Kyaga (eds.), Gränsöverskridande identiteter i globaliseringens tid: Ungdomar, migration och kampen för fred, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2006, pp. 169–196.

2006, "Punjabi identities: Before and after the 1947 Partition of the Punjab", in Troubled Times. Sustainable Development and Governance in the Age of Extremes. SDPI/Sama Editorial and Publishing Services, 2006. pp. 374–390 (pdf)

2005, "Globalization and Free Trade", in Harris Ben Munawar (ed.) The RAVI 2005, Vol. XCII, pp. 47–48 (pdf)

2005, The Politics of Group Rights. The State and Multiculturalism (ed), University Press of America.

2004, "Pakistan, Democracy, Islam and Secularism: A Phantasmagoria of Conflicting Muslim Aspirations", in Oriente Moderno, No. 1/2004, vol. XXIII, (LXXXIV). The article is available as a Word document.

2004 'Forced Migration and Ethnic Cleansing in Lahore in 1947: Some First Person Acoounts', in Ian Talbot & Shinder Thandi (eds), People on The Move, Punjabi Colonial, and Post-Colonial Migration, Oxford University Press.

2004, 'Contours of Regional Cooperation: Peoples-to-Peoples Contacts and Parliamentary Initiatives', in Searching for Common Ground in South Asia. A Report of a CPAS-SIPSIR.

2004, Workshop 'New Initiatives for Risk Reduction on Unsettled Asian Borders', Center for Pacific Asia Studies, Stockholm University, 2004.

2003,'Muslim Nationalism, Pakistan and the Rise of Fundamentalism', Research Report 4, February 2003, Department of Oriental Languages, Department of Political Science, Stockholm University, 24 sidor, 2003.

2002, 'Comments' (on two papers, presented at a seminar on East Timor, Stockholm, 21 May 2002. East Timor nationbuilding in the 21st Century. Stockholm 2002.

2002,The Kashmir Dispute, December 2002, in Politologen.

2002, 'The Fundamentalist Dimension in the Pakistan Movement' in Friday Times, Lahore, 22 November 2002

2002, 'Looking Backwards into the Future: A Critique of Islamism Modernism’ in Journal of Futures Studies,Vol. 7, No. 2.

2002, 'Globalisation and Human Rights in Pakistan' (published in International Journal of Punjab Studies, Vol. 9, Number 1, January–June 2002.

2002, The 1947 Partition of India (published in Asian Ethnicity, Volume 3, Number 1, March 2002).

2002, ‘Pågår krig mellan islam och kristendom?’ in Folk och Försvar, No. 2, 2002.